What is Biomass?

Biomass is one of the most controversial renewable energies.  Some folks hate it and think it is dirty and harms the environment more than it helps. They believe the forest and area will be destroyed. Others like it because it creates jobs and makes us less energy dependent and on Arab oil. I think the reality is it’s somewhere in the middle of these views. They have large numbers of Biomass plants in Norway and run it clean and don’t destroy the forest. There is a place for this energy in our future.

What is biomass, and how can we use it for energy? Watch this quick video for answers !

What is biomass? | MNN – Mother Nature Network

www.mnn.com6/29/11

When you think of renewable energy, photovoltaic panels and wind turbines are likely the images that come to mind. But there’s more to renewable energy than solar and wind – biomass is another earth-friendly source of

 What is Biomass?

This article is a simple explanation of what Biomass is  without a lot of technical wording. It gives you some history and a better  understanding of how and why Biomass is so important to us and how it is used  in the production of energy.

Biomass isn’t really a new word for a new technology of creating energy from matter. Burning wood in a stove to cook with or keeping warm is using biomass. Something humans have been doing for centuries! Biomass is a renewable energy, which means it occurs naturally and is usually abundant. Other renewable energy sources are solar, wind and hydro-electric. These types of energies are not from fossil fuels and do not come from just one or two countries. All countries can supply their own energy. Some forms can be
supplied locally to make their fuels which are more efficient because there is less transportation costs.

Because biomass is not a fossilized, like gas, oil, or coal is can grow again after it has been harvested. We can always make biomass and in a short period of time, dependingon what you grow to produce the it. Biomass receives it is energy from the sun. Biological plant matter is known  as Biomass. There are 5 sources of energy that create biomass:

  • Alcohol fuels
  • Crops, which are easy to grow
  • Garbage
  • Landfill gases
  • Wood

Some biomass is grown to generate electricity or produce  heat. Burning this matter is still the most popular way of producing biomass. Wood energy  is created by the wood itself or the byproduct of the wood, such as wood pulp.  Biomass applies to both animal and vegetable derived material.  The most expensive form of biomass is our forests. We do not want to destroy the forest to create energy. We do not want to cut down beautiful old forest to create our energy. If being transported more than 50 miles this doesn’t make the biomass that efficient. Methane gas from animal waste and landfills can be converted into a biofuel, which is methane gas.  As the waste in the landfills decomposes a large amount of methane is created. This gas can be harnessed and  be used for gas-to-energy plants for fuel engines or turbine driven generators that produce electricity.

Biomass also creates ethanol which is alcohol fuel that comes from sugars in grains. Cars run on 10% ethanol gas. There are rumors that they will up the percentage to 15% or even 20%. Biodegradable waste can be used for fuel by burning it. This does not include the fossil fuels, the carbon they contain has been out of the carbon cycle and the combustion they produce disturbs the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Chemicals and fibers are also biomass.

Biomass is one of the most renewable energy sources. With the depletion and dependency countries have for fossil fuels. biomass is increasing rapidly becoming a replacement for fossil fuels in all countries, especially the developing countries. Countries can supply their own energy, which would provide stable economic growth and a safer supply of fuels because it is a labor-intensive job that would use land that is not suitable for growing crops. Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are the basic composition of biomass. It also has small quantities of nitrogen, alkali, alkaline earth and heavy metals.  The functional
molecules such as the prophyrins includes chrorophyll which contains magnesium.  Many technical options to make use of biomass types for energy or renewable are available. Some of the making of biomass to energy releases the energy directly; such as in the form of heat or electricity, or it can be converted into liquid biofuel or combustible biogas. It depends on the technology the biomass is used for.  Biomass energy can reduce our greenhouse gas emissions. The burning of biomass releases about the same quantity of carbon dioxide as burning fossil fuels, but the carbon dioxide in the fossil fuels that are
released have been stored for million of years and are considered new greenhouse gas. As for Biomass, the carbon dioxide it releases is balanced by the carbon dioxide it used in its growth. With Biofuels we can reduce our independency of foreign fuels. Creating Biomass can generate new businesses and a wealth of money for the US.  America can actually turn some of their waste products into biofuels. Large farms can turn the livestock waste, ethane gas into energy.  The waste products from paper mills, lumberyards and municipal
waste are all biomass. With newer technology and research we will be able to use algae, corn stalk, leaves and the husks of the corn plant. You can grow biomass on land that is not suitable for food crops. When you convert biomass into liquid fuels for transportation. Biofuels, like ethanol is a fuel a lot similar to gasoline.

When you burn biomass directly or convert it into gaseous or liquid fuels that burn more efficiently to generate electricity it is Biopower. Towns and cities can recycle by burning their garbage in waste-to-energy plants that creates electricity.  When you covert biomass
into chemicals for making plastics on products that are petroleum based it is called Bioproducts.

Wood Gasification: Gasification 101 module 1

www.wood-gasification.com New to gasification? Gasification 101 is a multi-module introduction to gasification, so you can hit the ground running.

Ask an Expert – What is Pretreatment?

Bruce Dale, Leader of GLBRC’s Improving Biomass Processing area, talks about biomass pretreatment, and it’s role in the biofuels pipeline.

I hope you have a better understanding about the options we
have to create Biomass which end use is a form of energy. Either to run our
cars, create electricity or for heating homes and buildings.

What is Biomass?

ELDER LAW REVIEW Home energy tax credits for ’11 – Wicked Local

news.google.com

ELDER LAW REVIEW Home energy tax credits for ’11Wicked LocalResidential Energy Property – This includes high efficiency heating and air conditioning systems, water heaters and stoves that burn biomass fuel. The 10% energy tax credit for anything in t …

Renewable Energy Focus – Biomass could provide 5th of global

www.renewableenergyfocus.com12/9/11

Up to one fifth of global energy could be provided by biomass without damaging food production, according to a report from the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC).

Biomass for Dummies | www.newenergyuse.com

www.newenergyuse.com11/14/11

In recent years we year of biomass to produce energy. But what is biomass? Where is she? Is this an environmentally friendly way to produce energy? What are the benefits to be derived from the operation of this type of … What is Biomass?


One Response to What is Biomass?

  1. Kamryn Ell says:

    This was a lot of help, thanks!

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